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27 Jun 2015

Animal Welfare : Challenges in Policy Implementation in UK Poultry Industry

Alhamdulillah..currently I am reaching my final stage for my master's journey in Sheffield.
Allah ease my journey towards reaching this stage.
I had pass all my taught modules (even not in flying colors) without experience any re-submission, failing and etc...
Now, in the final stage, I am required to submit a dissertation.
A dissertation which not more than 12,000 words.

After few discussion and amendment, I come out with my topic..
"Animal Welfare : Challenges in Policy Implementation in UK Poultry Industry"

What do you guys think?
I believe I have a strong passion in animal welfare. 
For those who wonder why animals and not humans?? My answer is:-

"The reason I dedicate myself to helping animals so much is because there are already so many people dedicated to hurting them"

However, it should be noted that animal welfare is totally different compared to animal right.

"Animal welfare theories accept that animals have interests but allow these interests to be traded away as long as there are some human benefits that are thought to justify that sacrifice.
Animal rights means that animals, like humans, have interests that cannot be sacrificed or traded away just because it might benefit others" (Source : http://www.peta.org/)
It implies that animal welfare do not forbid the usage of animals as food, cloths, etc but promotes more "humane" treatment towards animals. But, animal right strictly believe that no animals should be harmed or being killed to fit human consumption.They promote the idea of vegan.
In my case, I would discuss on animal welfare policy implementation challenges specifically in poultry industry. For those who wonder what does it cover under poultry, www.gov.uk provided that poultry includes:-
  • chickens
  • turkeys
  • ducks
  • geese
  • partridges
  • quail
  • pheasants
  • pigeons (reared for meat)
  • guinea fowl
  • ostriches
  • emus (usually kept in zoos or as pets)
  • rheas (usually kept in zoos or as pets)
Many legislation and guidance were set up by the government, RSCPA, European Union and many other organisations in order to uphold animal welfare in poultry. For instance in 2012, EU under Council Directive 1999/74/EC bans conventional battery cages in laying hens. Similarly, EU Regulation 1099/2009 provides protection to animals at the time of killing to ensure that animals are being avoided to suffer avoidable excitement, pain or suffering.
Despite the legislation and guidance. many cases reported on  incapability of the actors to comply with the regulation. Only in April 2015, about 89.3 millions of birds being slaughtered in UK (FarmingUK.com 2015).  High demand leads to major issue to follow the animal welfare legislation in poultry (Tabler 2006). Various studies reported on many reasons that contributes as the factors includes economic factors, attitudes of the poultry providers and many others. Indeed, implementation was the most problematic part in animal welfare (EUPAW Report 2010). Knill and Tasun (2012, p. 161) claimed that 6 major challenges in policy implementation includes : choice of policy instruments, precision and clarity of policy design, control structure, institutional design, administrative capacities and social acceptance. 
My dissertation will use the EUPAW report as my methodology and analyse on which challenges in poultry industry that fit with the theory provided by Knill and Tasun. 
Currently I am doing my literature review. Lots more to read and understand in order to proceed with other chapters. Wish me luck. :)
note :What do you think on my topic and structure? Is it messy? Can you understand what I try to explain?

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